The relationship between physical activity and quality of life in prisoners: a pilot study


physical activity
quality of life



Imprisoned people have usually a poor health status in comparison with the general population. The aim is to investigate a possible association between the quality of life and physical activity level in male inmates.


A cross-sectional pilot study was carried out between 2010 and 2011. A questionnaire contained SF12 and International Physical Activity Questionnaire  was administered. Mental Component Score  (MCS) and Physical Component Score   (PCS) were computed. The physical activity level was measured using Metabolic Equivalents score (MET)


121 inmates entered the survey. MCS is directly correlated to MET of physical activity (r= 0.23; P=0.03) and negatively to BMI variations (r= -0.24; P= 0.02) and smoking status (r= -0.24; P= 0.02).


This pilot study  suggests to improve the investigation to support the promotion of physical activity programs  in Italian prisons in order to improve inmates QoL and allow a better social integration at the end of detention.


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