Studying the factors associated with Premenstrual syndrome prevention among pre-university students in Tehran


Premenstrual Syndrome
Preventive behavior
Female Students


Context: Premenstrual syndrome is one of the common menstrual disorders in adolescents. Considering the destructive effects of this syndrome on adolescents’ activity and performance and the importance of epidemiological studies in designing preventive interventions,

Aims: this study aimed to determine some of the factors associated with the prevention of premenstrual syndrome among adolescents.

Settings and Design: In a cross-sectional study, 255 female high school students in Tehran were selected using multistage random sampling method.

Methods and Material: The data were collected using a demographic and background questionnaire and a valid and reliable questionnaire to assess preventive behaviors of premenstrual syndrome.

Statistical analysis used: The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16 and descriptive statistics and logistic regression.     

Results: The mean (SD) score of adoption of preventive behaviors of premenstrual syndrome was 19.25 (0.63) out of 50, and it was low. Also, weekly physical activity, mother education level, and family income were the factors affecting the adoption of preventive behaviors of premenstrual syndrome (P<0.05).­­­

Conclusion: Due to the low adoption of preventive behaviors among students with lower income families, students with less physical activity and students with mothers with lower levels of education, it is suggested that more attention be paid to the above students in designing educational programs to promote the prevention of premenstrual syndrome.

Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome, Preventive behavior, Female Students­­


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