Impact assessment of an educational course on vaccinations in a population of medical students




The inadequate formation and knowledge about vaccinations of healthcare workers, including doctors, has certainly contributed to the spread of the vaccine hesitancy in recent years. Therefore, it is essential to improve the level of knowledge of future doctors so that they can deal with any hesitation within the population in order to increase the vaccination coverage. The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of a course about vaccination on the knowledge of medical students.

In order to evaluate the efficacy of a certain lecture about vaccinations on medical students, they were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire before and after the seminar. The two questionnaires contained the same 10 questions regarding knowledge and attitudes about vaccines. Only the students who had attended the lecture were allowed to complete the post-lecture questionnaire. The students could fulfil the questionnaires through the learning management system (LMS) called ‘Moodle’. A descriptive statistical analysis of the data collected through the comparative evaluation of the answers before and after the seminar was performed.

The seminar aroused much interest among the students: 100 of them completed the pre-lecture questionnaire and 81 of them completed the post-lecture questionnaire. The results show a positive impact of the seminar, especially about some specific themes: knowledge of the students on the indication of the MPR vaccine strongly improved after the seminar, the number of students who would recommend vaccination for pertussis and influenza during pregnancy increased by 37% and 19% respectively after the seminar, and those aware of the need for Herpes Zoster vaccination over the age of 65 increased by 22%.

For future doctors, a thorough knowledge about vaccinations is increasingly required in order to deal with vaccine hesitancy. It is, therefore, important for them to get the opportunity to develop a mastery over these topics. An extracurricular seminar about vaccines, provided in the second half of the course of study, can have a highly positive impact and could stimulate the future healthcare personnel to improve their knowledge on vaccination.


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