Since 2012, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
promotes a point prevalence survey (PPS) of HAIs in European acute care hospitals. Through a
retrospective analysis of 2012, 2015 and 2017 PPS of HAIs performed in a tertiary academic
hospital in Italy, we developed a model to predict the risk of HAI.
Following ECDC protocol we surveyed 1382 patients across three years. Bivariate logistic
regression analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between HAI and several variables.
Those statistically significant were included in a stepwise multiple regression model. The goodness
of fit of the latter model was assessed with the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, ultimately constructing a
probability curve to estimate the risk of developing HAIs.
Three variables resulted statistically significant in the stepwise logistic regression model:
length of stay (OR 1.03; 95% C.I.: 1.02-1.05), devices breaking the skin (i.e. peripheral or central
vascular catheter, OR 4.38; 95% C.I.: 1.52-12.63), urinary catheter (OR 4.71; 95% C.I.: 2.78-7.98).
PPSs are a convenient and reliable source of data to develop HAIs prediction models.
The differences found between our results and previously published studies suggest the need of
developing hospital-specific databases and predictive models for HAIs.
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