Background: HIV/AIDS remains a major public health concern globally and Health Care Workers (HCWs) are in the frontline of preventing and providing care for HIV in the health care system. The aim of this study was to evaluate HIV/AIDS knowledge among primary HCWs.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 HCWs who were randomly selected from health care centers in Kermanshah city, west of Iran, 2018. HCWs filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the socio-demographic characteristics and HIV/AIDS knowledge items. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using bivariate correlations, t-test, and ANOVA statistical tests.
Results: The mean score of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 29.73 [95% CI: 28.79, 30.67], ranged from 0 to 40 (74.3% 0f total percent). HIV/AIDS knowledge was not a significant association and correlation with sex, education level, marital status, age and job history. Up to 50% had inadequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS status and transmission in Iran.
Conclusions: Primary HCWs HIV/AIDS knowledge was average and it seems need to be educating regarding HIV/AIDS status and transmission in Iran.
2. Deeks SG, Lewin SR, Ross AL, Ananworanich J, Benkirane M, Cannon P, Chomont N, Douek D, Lifson JD, Lo YR, Kuritzkes D. International AIDS Society global scientific strategy: towards an HIV cure 2016. Nature medicine. 2016; 22(8):839
3. Berhan Y, Berhan A. A meta-analysis of risky sexual behaviour among male youth in developing countries. AIDS research and treatment. 2015; 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/580961
4. Mokdad AH. Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. International Journal of Public Health. 2017:1-14.
5. Kabbash IA, Felemban SM, Stephens GM, Al-Hakeem RF, Zumla AI, Memish ZA. HIV case notification rates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over the past decade (2000–2009). PloS one. 2012;7(9):e45919.
6. Tanner AE, Philbin MM, Ma A, Chambers BD, Nichols S, Lee S, Fortenberry JD. Adolescent to adult HIV health care transition from the perspective of adult providers in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2017; 61(4):434-9.
7. Chen PF. HIV/AIDS prevention among young people in East and South-East Asia in the context of reproductive and sexual health. Asia-Pac Popul J. 2008; 23(1):7-28.
8. White S, Chen J, Atchison R. Relationship of preventive health practices and health literacy: a national study. American journal of health behavior. 2008; 32(3):227-42.
9. Millar S. HIV in Ireland: knowledge, attitudes and stigma. Drugnet Ireland. 2018:8.
10. Swendeman D, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Comulada S, Weiss R, Ramos ME. Predictors of HIV-related stigma among young people living with HIV. Health Psychology. 2006; 25(4):501.
11. Helms CB, Turan JM, Atkins G, Kempf M-C, Clay OJ, Raper JL, et al. Interpersonal mechanisms contributing to the association between HIV-related internalized stigma and medication adherence. AIDS and Behavior. 2017; 21(1):238-47.
12. Stringer KL, Turan B, McCormick L, Durojaiye M, Nyblade L, Kempf M-C, et al. HIV-related stigma among healthcare providers in the deep south. AIDS and Behavior. 2016; 20(1):115-25.
13. Jenkins C, Robalino D, editors. Overview of the HIV/AIDS situation in the Middle East and North Africa and Eastern Mediterranean region. document présenté à la Conference on Meeting the Public Health Challenges in the 21st Century in the Middle East, North Africa and Eastern Mediterranean Region; 2002.
14. Liljestrand P. HIV care: continuing medical education and consultation needs of nurses, physicians, and pharmacists. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 2004; 15(2):38-50.
15. Dent E. The struggle to nurse in Malawi. Nursing times. 2007; 103(32):20.
16. KERMODE, Michelle, et al. Occupational exposure to blood and risk of bloodborne virus infection among health care workers in rural north Indian health care settings. American journal of infection control, 2005, 33.1: 34-41.
17. Kok G, Gottlieb NH, Peters GJ, Mullen PD, Parcel GS, Ruiter RA, Fernández ME, Markham C, Bartholomew LK. A taxonomy of behaviour change methods: an Intervention Mapping approach. Health psychology review. 2016; 10(3):297-312.
19. Suominen T, Koponen N, Mockiene V, Raid U, Istomina N, Vänskä ML, et al. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes to HIV/AIDS—An international comparison between Finland, Estonia and Lithuania. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 2010; 16(2):138-47.
20. Mulaudzi MV, Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, and coping related to HIV and AIDS in a rural hospital in South Africa. Studies on Ethno-Medicine. 2011; 5(1):25-32.
21. Delobelle P, Rawlinson JL, Ntuli S, Malatsi I, Decock R, Depoorter AM. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions of rural nurses in South Africa. Journal of advanced nursing. 2009; 65(5):1061-73.
22. Saydkhani V, Albooghobeish M, Khosravi S, Banisakini H, Mousahosaini N. Evaluation of AIDS disease information between anesthesia practitioners in educational hospitals of Ahvaz JundishapurUnivercity of Medical Sciences in 2010. Jentashapir Journal of Health Research. 2012; 3(2).
23. Kumar S, Jain P, Jangid N. HIV related knowledge and attitude among nurses and paramedical health care providers in Delhi. Adhyayan: A Journal of Management Sciences. 2017; 7(02)
24. Mindry D, Maharaj P, Letsoalo T, Munthree C, Crankshaw T. Knowing Client Rights and Meeting Their Needs: Provider Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Meeting the Reproductive Needs and Rights of People Living with HIV in South Africa. Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse: Springer; 2018. p. 141-58.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60417-6_9
25. Kawale P, Mindry D, Phoya A, Jansen P, Hoffman RM. Provider attitudes about childbearing and knowledge of safer conception at two HIV clinics in Malawi. Reproductive health. 2015; 12(1):17.
26. Desai M, Gafos M, Dolling D, McCormack S, Nardone A. Healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes to and practice of pre‐exposure prophylaxis for HIV infection. HIV medicine. 2016; 17(2):133-42.
27. Hughes AK. HIV knowledge and attitudes among providers in aging: results from a national survey. Aids patient care and STDs. 2011; 25(9):539-45.
28. Jafari F, Kholdi N, FalahN, MahmoudpourA. Factors related to knowledge and attitude about AIDS. Daneshvar Medicine. 2007; 14(68): 1-8.
29. Oppong AK, Oti-Boadi M. HIV/AIDS knowledge among undergraduate university students: implications for health education programs in Ghana. African health sciences. 2013; 13(2):270-7
30. Mbanya DN, Zebaze R, Kengne AP, Minkoulou EM, Awah P. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing staff in a rural hospital of Cameroon: how much does the health care provider know about the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome?. International nursing review. 2001; 48(4):241-9.
31. Ghorbani GhA, Mehrabi Tavana A, Ataee RA. Knowledge assessment in nurses of Baqiyatallah (a.s) hospital about AIDS. J Mil Med 2006; 8(2): 91-6