Using Intervention Mapping Approach to Finding Socio-Cognitive Determinants of Diabetes Preventive Behaviors


Introduction: Diabetes is the most common chronic disease with complications. The objective of this study was to determine socio-cognitive determinants of diabetes preventive behaviors among sample of at risk group based on intervention mapping approach (IM) in Kermanshah, the west of Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study which conducted among a total of 200 male and female aged 30 years old and more, who referred to health centers, during 2018 that randomly selected to participate voluntarily. Participants filled out a self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using bivariate correlations and linear regression at 95% significant level.

Results: The mean age of respondents was 38.4 years [95% CI: 37.3, 39.4], ranged from 30 to 56 years. Socio-cognitive determinants were accounted for 40% of the variation in diabetes prevention behaviors F= 35.559, P< 0.001. As well as, perceived self-efficacy, perceived severity, and perceived barrier were the most influential predictors on diabetes preventive behaviors.

Conclusions: Based on findings, it seems that planning health promotion programs to reduce barrier to perform diabetes preventive behaviors and increase confidence towards ability to perform preventive behaviors, and seriousness about sides effect of diabetes may be usefulness of the results in order to promotion of diabetes preventive behaviors among at risk group.