Impact of anti-tobacco warning labels on behaviour of tobacco users in one of the cities of Gujarat, India


Background. Tobacco use continues to be the leading global cause of preventable deaths, killing nearly 6 million people worldwide each year. Tobacco control must be given the high priority by scaling up tobacco control measures. In India under Control of Tobacco Product Act, it is mandatory to keep the warn- ing labels over all kind of tobacco products in order to minimise the use of tobacco. Objectives. Review of the knowledge regarding warning labels printed on tobacco products among its users and to evaluate the impact of them on addicting behaviour. Methodology. A Cross Sectional study was carried out among the group of people using tobacco in any form. Total 776 tobacco users were enrolled in the study.Results. Mean age of tobacco user was 41.4 years. Out of total 776 tobacco users, 561(72.3 %) had ever noticed warning signals over the tobacco products. Among those who have noticed warn- ing labels, 64.4 % became aware about health effects and 66% have thought to quit tobacco. Tobacco users of young age group (15-45) were more aware regarding warning labels. Females were less aware. As level of education increases number of tobacco users who tried to quit or reduced the daily quantity of tobacco intake were also increases. Conclusions. Positive impact of warning labels has been seen among the tobacco users who have noticed them. Not all the tobacco users were aware regarding the presence of warning labels as per the findings of present study.