Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a main challenge of the health system worldwide. Health policymakers in most countries attempt to help HBV patients by implementing support programs in addition to controlling HBV in their community so that the economic burden caused by HBV do not deprive the patients of accessing health services and reducing their quality of life. The purpose of this study is to review the nature of HBV, its epidemiology in Iran and worldwide, and to review the various policies and programs in Iran regarding the prevention and control of HBV, especially the use of vaccination.
One of the goals of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to consider hepatitis as a threat to human health. In this regard, one of the top priorities of WHO is the prevention and control of HBV. In connection with the prevention of HBV, it is claimed that vaccination is the most effective and best intervention. Thus, vaccination in the safe’s program of countries is highly recommended. According to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) reports, Iran has the lowest prevalence of HBV among the countries in Eastern Mediterranean Region Organization (EMRO). There is a hepatitis unit in MOHME whose responsibility is to coordinate and implement the hepatitis prevention and control programs. The HBV vaccine has been officially included in the vaccination program for children in Iran since 1993, and three doses of the vaccine are given to all infants. In 2007, during a large-scale program in Iran, 17-year-olds received the HBV vaccine, followed by adolescents born in 1990 and 1991. In recent years, the health system in Iran has made significant progress in preventing and controlling HBV. Over 95% coverage of the HBV vaccination is one of the achievements that have had a great impact on reducing the trend of HBV infection. In order to achieve the 2030 goals, the Iranian government, in addition to paying more attention to HBV elimination programs, should encourage other organizations to cooperate more effectively with MOHME.
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