Edoardo Maragliano (1849-1940) was an Italian physician; he played a central role in medicine’s “renaissance” in Italy and Europe. After beginning his academic career as a professor of pathology, he became full professor of internal medicine in 1881. While he studied all fields of internal medicine, his research focused mainly on tuberculosis. Thanks to his experiments in the medical clinic, Maragliano announced the possibility of immunization against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although criticized for using an inactivated vaccine, Maragliano continued to advocate vaccination with any type of vaccine.
Maragliano keenly contributed to the still ongoing process of understanding the difficult interaction between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the infected host.
 Martini M, Besozzi G, Barberis I. The never-ending story of the fight against tuberculosis: from Koch’s bacillus to global control programs. J Prev Med Hyg 2018; 59: E241-E247.
 Maragliano E (1903) La lotta e la immunizzazione dell’organismo contro la tubercolosi. In: Conferenza tenuta al Congresso Internazionale Medico di Madrid. Vallardi, Milan, pp 6–13
 Martini M, Barberis N, Bragazzi NL, Paluan F. The Fight Against Tuberculosis in the Mid- nineteenth Century: The Pivotal Contribution of Edoardo Maragliano (1849–1940). Adv Exp Med Biol - Advances in Microbiology, Infectious Diseases and Public Health DOI 10.1007/5584_2017_125
 Maragliano E (1889) Rimedi nuovi e nuovi metodi di cura. Manuale di terapia clinica moderna ad uso dei medici e degli studenti. Vallardi, Milan, vol. 2, pp 3–23 and 295–317
 Martini M, Paluan F. Edoardo Maragliano (1849-1940): the unfortunate fate of a real pioneer in the fight against tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2017;106:123. doi: 10.1016/j.tu- be.2017.07.007.
 Maragliano E. Lezione di Commiato. 28 giugno 1924, (Archivio Privato Maragliano)
 Saturnino Arloing, Discorso pronunciato in Genova, 1906 (Archivio Privato “Cinquantenario Edoardo Maragliano”).
 Salvioli G (1956) In memoria di Edoardo Maragliano. Annali. Sanita Pubblica 17:887–893