Public Awareness of Environmental Risk Factors of Cancer Among the Lebanese General Population


Awareness, Cancer, Risk factors, Lebanese, Prevention


Introduction: Since the majority of cancers occur as a result of modifiable risk factors, cancer is being seen more as a preventable disease. The primary objective of our study was to assess the level of awareness of environmental risk factors for cancer among the Lebanese general population. The secondary objective focused on identifying the predictors of the preventability of the disease.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between June and July 2020. An online questionnaire was used to collect data pertaining to the knowledge of environmental risk factors of cancer, source of information and personal practice of the participants. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed.

Results: About 387 respondents agreed to participate in the study. study showed low awareness regarding infectious agents, lifestyle, diet and many work exposures. The predictors of the attitude of respondents regarding the preventability of cancer were: believing that cancer has an environmental cause (p=.014), not having a healthy lifestyle (p=.004), not smoking waterpipe (p=.023), being single (p=.013), and having a university degree (p=.049).

Conclusions: Efforts should be made to improve awareness of the cancer risk factors regarding infectious agents, lifestyle, diet and many work exposures. This can also be followed by further studies assessing the impact of these community and governmental cancer prevention initiatives on cancer risk factors level of awareness.


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