Infection prevention and control standards and associated factors: Case study of the level of knowledge and practices among nurses in a Saudi Arabian hospital


Infection prevention and control; Nurses; Saudi hospital; Knowledge; Practices


Introduction: Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a significant public health issue. HAI is a problem in both developed and developing countries. Treating HAIs is a significant burden on healthcare budgets. This study was performed to assess the knowledge about infection prevention and control (IPC) and IPC practices of nurses working in a Saudi hospital, and to examine the association between the nurses’ demographic characteristics and work/training experience with their level of knowledge about and practices towards maintaining IPC standards.

Methods: A quantitative method was used, with a response rate of 81.1%. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted of randomly selected male and female nurses of all nationalities who came in direct contact with patients while providing healthcare services at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Riyadh (KAMC-R) (n=308). Principle component analysis (PCA) was used to generate knowledge and practices scores, and the scores were classified into two categories (high, low) at the median.

Results: The majority of the participants were females (89.3%). The result of logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between a high education level and high scores for IPC knowledge [AOR=2.72, 95% CI=1.45-5.10] and practices [ AOR=3.66, 95% CI=1.90-7.05], after controlling for other confounding variables.

Conclusion: High scores for IPC knowledge and IPC practices were independently associated with a high level of education of the nurses. Further studies to develop effective programs for IPC regardless of the nurses’ educational attainment are recommended.


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