All’s not well with the “worried well”: Understanding health anxiety due to COVID-19


health anxiety, worried well, covid-19, pandemic, CBT


1. WHO | Pneumonia of unknown cause – China [Internet]. WHO. World Health Organization; 2020 [cited 2020 May 24]. Available from:
2. WHO Timeline - COVID-19 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 May 24]. Available from:
3. WHO releases guidelines to help countries maintain essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 24]. Available from:
4. Darlenski R, Tsankov N. Covid-19 pandemic and the skin - What should dermatologists know? Clin Dermatol [Internet]. 2020 Mar 24 [cited 2020 May 24]; Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2020.03.012
5. Mao L, Jin H, Wang M, Hu Y, Chen S, He Q, Chang J, Hong C, Zhou Y, Wang D, Miao X, Li Y, Hu B. Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Neurol [Internet]. 2020 Apr 10 [cited 2020 May 24]; Available from: doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.1127
6. Zheng Y-Y, Ma Y-T, Zhang J-Y, Xie X. COVID-19 and the cardiovascular system. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2020;17(5):259–60. doi: 10.1038/s41569-020-0360-5
7. Gu J, Han B, Wang J. COVID-19: Gastrointestinal Manifestations and Potential Fecal-Oral Transmission. Gastroenterology. 2020; 158(6):1518-1519. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2020.02.054.
8. Wu P, Duan F, Luo C, Liu Q, Qu X, Liang L, Wu K. Characteristics of Ocular Findings of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hubei Province, China. JAMA Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2020 Mar 31 [cited 2020 May 24]; Available from: doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.1291
9. Sanders JM, Monogue ML, Jodlowski TZ, Cutrell JB. Pharmacologic Treatments for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Review. JAMA [Internet]. 2020 Apr 13 [cited 2020 May 24]; Available from: doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.6019
10. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, Rubin GJ. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet. 2020 Mar 14;395(10227):912–20. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
11. Hua J, Shaw R. Corona Virus (COVID-19) “Infodemic” and Emerging Issues through a Data Lens: The Case of China. Int J Environ Res Public Health [Internet]. 2020 Apr [cited 2020 May 25];17(7). Available from: doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072309
12. Balanzá–Martínez V, Atienza–Carbonell B, Kapczinski F, Boni RBD. Lifestyle behaviours during the COVID-19 – time to connect. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 24];n/a(n/a). Available from: doi: 10.1111/acps.13177
13. Shettar M, Karkal R, Kakunje A, Mendonsa RD, Chandran VM. Facebook addiction and loneliness in the post-graduate students of a university in southern India. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2017 Jun 1;63(4):325–9. doi: 10.1177/0020764017705895
14. Gao J, Zheng P, Jia Y, Chen H, Mao Y, Chen S, Wang Y, Fu H, Dai J. Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(4):e0231924. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0231924
15. Taylor S. Understanding and treating health anxiety: A cognitive-behavioral approach. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2004 Dec 1;11(1):112–23. doi: 10.1016/S1077-7229(04)80015-4
16. Cevik M, Bamford C, Ho A. COVID-19 pandemic – A focused review for clinicians. Clin Microbiol Infect [Internet]. 2020 Apr 25 [cited 2020 May 24]; Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2020.04.023
17. Li Y, Yao L, Li J, Chen L, Song Y, Cai Z, Yang C. Stability issues of RT-PCR testing of SARS-CoV-2 for hospitalized patients clinically diagnosed with COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Mar 26]. J Med Virol. 2020;10.1002/jmv.25786. doi:10.1002/jmv.25786
18. Wong YK, Yang J, He Y. Caution and clarity required in the use of chloroquine for COVID-19. The Lancet Rheumatology. 2020 May 1;2(5):e255. doi: 10.1016/S2665-9913(20)30093-X
19. Sathyanath MS, Sathyanath S. Stigma reduction and provision of mental health services in the public health response to COVID-19. Indian Journal of Community Health. 2020 Apr 16;32(2 Special):269–72.
20. Hedman E, Andersson G, Andersson E, Ljótsson B, Rück C, Asmundson GJG, Lindefors N. Internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy for severe health anxiety: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;198(3):230–6. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.086843